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In the past two years, hundreds of Vietnamese orphans have been given happy homes by American families. But in two weeks, that adoption process will end.

Eighteen-month-old Tiffany is adjusting to life in Houston. The little Vietnamese girl was adopted by Melanie Powell about a year ago.

“I never did get to see her,” said Melanie. “They just showed me a little tiny picture and gave me her medical report.”

Powell, who is already a mother to a teenage daughter, always wanted a bigger family. But as a single mother, her options were limited. That’s one reason she looked to Vietnam, where the process was easier.


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But for the second time in six years, the adoption agreement between Vietnam and the U.S. is ending. The U.S. embassy in Hanoi believes there is too much corruption and baby-selling going on in the Vietnam adoption system.

“It’s going to be disastrous for the children of Vietnam,” said Jackie Harrah, who opened an adoption agency in Houston 13 years ago.

Jackie opened her adoption agency after adopting her three daughters from China and seeing thousands of children stuck in Asian orphanages.

“There are children who are languishing in orphanages, special needs children who need surgeries, who need to have somebody care enough to provide them with the medical care they need,” she said.

Vickie Lai agrees. She’s a Vietnamese-American living in Houston. Vickie went back to Vietnam armed with a video camera in January. She visited and filmed footage at two orphanages. What she saw was heartbreaking.

“The children, to the point that they have to wear several clothing. And some children caught my attention. They don’t even have socks to wear,” she said.

Vickie says it’s rare for orphaned children to be adopted by other Vietnamese. So now with the suspension of U.S. adoptions, she believes most of these children will remain in orphanages forever.

Currently, there are six applications for Vietnamese adoptions in the system at Jackie’s agency. She’s working quickly to get them processed before the July 1 suspension begins. And maybe a few more Vietnamese orphans will get a chance for a better life, like baby Tiffany and her new mom.

Vietnamese babies who are matched with American families before July 1 will be allowed to continue with the adoption process.

Vietnamese adoptions need more scrutiny

Grand Forks Herald
Published Sunday, June 22, 2008

WASHINGTON — Every parent knows there’s no joy that compares to the blessings of having children and a family. For many Minnesotans, this means joining the myriad of American families who provide a safe and permanent home for about 20,000 children who are adopted annually from other nations.Recently, concerns have been raised about serious problems with the process of adopting children from Vietnam, making international adoptions in this country nearly impossible.

I share concerns over reported instances of fraud and corruption in connection with some adoptions in Vietnam. I believe it’s clear that more effective safeguards are needed to prevent the types of abuses described in recent reports.

At the same time, I believe that suspending adoptions for an indefinite period of time is not in the best interest of the children involved and may not be the most effective means to promote transparency in Vietnam’s adoption system.

In light of this, I am working to encourage other senators and congressmen to join me in working with the government of Vietnam to reach an agreement that would go a long way to better protect children, as well as birth and adoptive parents. Such measures could include an accreditation process for all U.S-based agencies providing services in Vietnam, increased transparency and accountability with regard to fees and strengthening the laws and procedures for prosecuting individuals found to be complicit with fraudulent behavior.

I am urging my colleagues to remain actively engaged in working with Vietnam officials toward establishing a system that protects the best interests of all involved. It is my goal to keep the children of Vietnam safe and to work with the government of Vietnam to allow adoptions to be a more fluid but a well-supervised transition.

I will keep Minnesotans informed of future developments on this important issue going forward.

Norm Coleman

Coleman, a Republican, represents Minnesota in the U.S. Senate.

Paperwork problems in adoption of two Vietnamese orphans bring heartache

A nursery awaits its second occupant

Photos by Karen Quincy Loberg / Star staff  Julie Carroll plays with her daughter Lillian Rose in their Camarillo home. The Carrolls adopted two girls in Vietnam, but their other daughter, Madelyn Grace, top, was denied a visa and remains in Vietnam.

Photos by Karen Quincy Loberg / Star staff Julie Carroll plays with her daughter Lillian Rose in their Camarillo home. The Carrolls adopted two girls in Vietnam, but their other daughter, Madelyn Grace, top, was denied a visa and remains in Vietnam.

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In the upstairs nursery of Steve and Julie Carroll’s Camarillo home, two identical cribs are lined with identical pink blankets.

There are two rocking chairs and two dressers. A photo of two baby girls sits on top of one dresser, and on the other rests two handmade Vietnamese bears, each bearing the name of one of the little girls.

It’s a nursery created with love for Vietnamese orphans Lillian Rose and Madelyn Grace as they embark on their new life in America. But there’s something missing from this idyllic scene.

While 6-month-old Lillian Rose sleeps snuggled up to adoptive mother, Julie, 7-month-old Madelyn Grace is still a world away in Vietnam.

Although the Carrolls are the legal parents of both babies under Vietnamese law, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, part of the Department of Homeland Security, denied Madelyn a visa to enter this country.

After four weeks of living with both baby girls in Vietnam, the Carrolls were forced to leave Madelyn behind.

“You’re torn completely in half,” said Julie Carroll. “You’re so joyful that you have finally brought your child home. But at the same time, you’re aching because your other child is thousands of miles away.”

“We’re stuck in the middle,” Steve said. “We were approved to adopt two children. We legally adopted two children in Vietnam, and now they’re telling us we’re only allowed to bring one of them home.”

U.S. officials would not comment on the Carrolls’ case specifically but say an increasing number of irregularities are appearing in orphan petitions and visa applications in Vietnam. They urge people to get visas first before traveling to pick up adopted children.

Madelyn has been placed in foster care in Vietnam along with another baby girl adopted by a Seaside, Calif., family but also denied a U.S. visa.

Adoption options researched

Steve Carroll, 38, and Julie, 36, have been married for nine years. Steve is deputy administrator for Ventura County’s Emergency Medical Services. Julie, a former social worker, is a homemaker and full-time mother to 6-year-old Jeremy, 4-year-old Grayson and Lillian Rose.

With two boys of their own already and having faced infertility issues, they decided to add to their family through international adoption.

At first, they planned to follow the lead of a cousin on Julie’s side who had successfully adopted from China. But when told it takes two to four years for a Chinese adoption to be completed, they turned to Vietnam.

After researching the options, registering with a licensed and reputable agency and undergoing the required home studies, they learned in June that two baby girls, just days apart in age, had been found for them.

Then came the first disappointment: They learned a few weeks later that one of the babies had been adopted out to another family.

Although Steve and Julie wanted to adopt two girls close in age so they could grow up together like sisters, they decided to move forward with adopting the one, whom they named Madelyn Grace.

Then they were told another baby girl, six weeks younger than Madelyn and living at the same orphanage, was also available for them. They agreed to adopt her, too, and gave her the name Lillian Rose. In mid-September, the couple and their two boys traveled to Vietnam to see the babies for the first time.

At no point, they said, were they told there could be a problem with the adoptions.

‘Cleared for travel’

“We followed all of the procedures and were told we were cleared for travel,” Steve said. “Then, while we were there, they decided to investigate our cases and then they said there were irregularities and they were going to deny one of our two babies.”

The Carrolls said U.S. officials are questioning Madelyn Grace’s documentation.

Sharon Rummery, the California spokeswoman for U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, said she could not comment on the case. But the Web site for the U.S. Embassy in Hanoi says orphan petition and visa application irregularities are increasing.

“The ongoing number of irregularities that we are currently seeing strongly indicates that the adoption process in Vietnam still lacks sufficient oversight and regulation,” the Web site says. “We are deeply concerned … by confirmed cases of child selling, and by evidence that children are being released for adoption without the consent of the birth parents.”

Rummery said the United States has a moral obligation to make sure a child being adopted is truly an orphan because of death, abandonment or the relinquishment of parental rights.

“Adoptive parents must conform to U.S. law in order to bring the child home, and that means the child must qualify as an orphan,” she said. “That means we must be able to establish through paperwork that the child is an orphan.”

The Carrolls have hired an experienced international adoption attorney, Irene Steffas, based in Georgia, to handle their appeal against the U.S. government’s Notice of Intent to Deny admission. They refuse to think about what might happen if their appeal is denied.

“We sat in the office in the embassy in Hanoi and we said if you can show us that she was a victim of baby buying or if her birth parents are looking for her, we will personally hand her back,” Julie said. “We are people of integrity, and we would never participate in anything like that.”

In addition to the emotional toll, the Carrolls are facing growing financial costs.

Lou Dunne, who helps run a Ventura-based support group for parents who have adopted children from overseas, said an international adoption can cost upward of $25,000. The Carrolls estimate they’ve spent about $40,000 so far on the two adoptions and their four-week trip to Vietnam. They’ve been told they face $20,000 more in legal fees.

They have asked California Sens. Barbara Boxer and Dianne Feinstein and the Senate Foreign Affairs Committee to intervene. The senators’ offices and committee officials did not return phone calls seeking comment. A spokesman for the Vietnamese embassy in Washington, D.C., was not available for comment.

Rummery said the U.S. government has always encouraged people adopting abroad to file all their paperwork first and get visa approval before traveling to get their children.

“Whenever you travel first and then file,” she said, “you take a risk.”

Email this storyPrint this story 12:30PM Thursday March 22, 2007

Pax Thien Jolie is on his way back to the United States with new adoptive mother Angelina Jolie. Photo / Reuters

Pax Thien Jolie is on his way back to the United States with new adoptive mother Angelina Jolie. Photo / Reuters

Angelina Jolie and her newly adopted son left Vietnam by private jet today.

Mother and son boarded a Gulfstream jet at Noi Bai Airport and are en route back to New Orleans to the home Angelina shares with Brad Pitt and their three children – five-year-old Maddox, adopted from Cambodia, two-year-old Zahara, adopted from Ethiopia, and ten-month-old biological daughter Shiloh.

The Tomb Raider star adopted three-year-old Pax Thien Jolie from the Tam Binh orphanage in Ho Chi Minh City last week

They then travelled to the country’s capital Hanoi to obtain a visa allowing him to return to the US with Angelina and her family.

Angelina and Brad visited the Tam Binh orphanage last November to distribute Thanksgiving gifts to the children, and it was then they met and decided to adopt Pax.

Last week, Angelina claimed she will be a stay-at-home parent.

She said: “I will stay home with Pax and help him adjust to his new life.

“I have four children, and caring for them is the most important thing to me at the moment.”

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However, in just a few months the 31-year-old actress is due to begin filming Wanted – a thriller co-starring James McAvoy and Morgan Freeman, in which she plays an assassin.

Her new film A Mighty Heart – produced by Brad’s Plan B production company – opens in June and she is expected to go on a lengthy promotional tour.

This spring Angelina is set to star in the Clint Eastwood-directed drama The Changeling, at the same time as her Robert Zemeckis-directed film, Beowulf, opens.

She is also signed up to star in a film version of Ayn Rand’s controversial novel Atlas Shrugged.